Each person wishing to ride a moped or motorcycle is required to undergo Compulsory Basic Training or CBT before they are allowed to do so on the road. There are five stages to CBT, and these should be completed in sequence. Once all stages have successfully been completed, then it is time to receive a Certificate of Completion, also known as a DL196. this allows the person to take the practical and theoretical test. Here are the stages of CBT:
Stage 1. Introduction
As an introduction to the course, the trainer first discusses these topics with the applicant:
- What trainees should expect during the course
- Legal requirements
- Types of equipment and clothing to use while operating the vehicle
Stage 2. Off-Road Training
During stage 2 of training, riders are introduced to major motorcycle parts and the way each of these work. This stage of training can include manual as well as automatic vehicle operations. Trainees are taught to identify, locate and use controls and the interpretation of the instrument panel. Trainees also learn to perform basic machine checks.
Stage 3. On-Road Riding
Stage 3 training consists of learning to control the vehicle and change gears, maneuver, brake, signal and how to perform basic safety maneuvers. They also learn to carefully observe front and rear road conditions, move off road, turn, manage junctions and stop.
Stage 4. On-Road Training
This is the stage where trainees become prepared for actually riding on the road. They are taught about the risks and dangers associated with riding. Important lessons trainees learn during this stage are:
- Assuming and then maintaining proper road position
- Understanding how weather affects road conditions
- Understanding how important it is to maintain road safety
- Understanding how important of observing Highway Code
Stage 5. On-Road Riding
The final stage of Compulsory Basic Training involves teaching trainees to become competent riders regardless of what road conditions they might encounter when they are riding. The individual will learn the proper way to manage their vehicle in regards to traffic lights, pedestrian crossings, pedestrians, junctions, bends, roundabouts and obstructions in the road. Trainees are then observed to see how well they are able to operate the motorcycle or moped while maneuvering, braking, stopping or making U-turns. After the course has been completed, the trainee then must undergo an assessment to ensure that they have learned what is necessary to get a license to drive their desired vehicle.